This is a very jargon-heavy podcast. To help you manage with the jargon, we have compiled this glossary, which should allow you to get some idea about what we are talking about. If you think anything should be added, contact us. This page was compiled with the assistance of @llewelly — give them a follow on twitter to show your appreciation!
albedo — the ability of surfaces to reflect sunlight. Cities have lower albedo than forests.
Ambystoma — Axolotls, the adorable neotenic salamanders
cavernicolous — living in caverns
characters (morphological) — features of organisms, sometimes presence/absence, sometimes degree. Example: leaf-shaped tails are characters of Uroplatus, Saltuarius, and Phyllurus geckos.
chromosomes — strands of DNA that compose the genome, arranged at a specific point in the process of mitosis and meiosis
Chron’s Disease — an irritable bowel disease
clade — a monophyletic group of organisms
derived — differing from the ancestral state
ecomorph — a particular suite of characters that are generally present in animals of specific ecologies. Example: twig ecomorph anoles have short limbs and slender bodies
fossorial — living in the soil
gametes — egg and sperm cells
IBS — irritable bowel syndrome
karyotype — the arrangement of chromosomes
meiosis — the dividing of cells to form gametes
menagerie — a collection of animals
microbiome — the biome composed of microorganisms (mostly bacteria) living in or on an organism
mitosis — the normal dividing of one cell into two cells
monophyly — the sharing of a common ancestor by a group of organisms
morphology — the shape of an organism, and the study thereof
neoteny — retaining juvenile characters into adulthood
osteology — the shape of an animal’s bones, and the study thereof
paraphyly — the presence of a group within another group. Example: reptiles are paraphyletic with respect to birds, because birds fall within reptiles, but the term reptile was historically used to refer to only the non-bird part of the group.
polyphyly — the distribution of a group of organisms across multiple branches of the tree, with other groups interdigitating them
probiotic — promoting the natural biome, often boosting bacterial populations
radiation — a diversification of species within or between environments
stygiobiotic/stygian — living in the underworld
taxonomy — the study of the naming of organisms
T+ albino — a form of albinism where tyrosinase is still produced resulting in darker colour than normal albinism
trogloditic — living in caves